Treatment is designed to ease symptoms and prevent complications while slowing the progression of the disease. Bronchodilators are a common form of defense and disease management, widening the airways to allow for easier breathing. They are typically taken through use of an inhaler or a nebulizer. Glucocorticosteroids are often added to this routine to reduce inflammation.
In order to reduce risk of other respiratory infections, ask your doctor if the yearly flu shot, pneumococcal vaccine, or tetanus booster are right for you and your condition. If your blood oxygen is low, you will receive supplemental oxygen by way of mask or nasal cannula. In some cases, the need for surgery is indicated.
A bullectomy may be ordered to remove abnormal air spaces, called bullae, from the lungs, in order to provide relief. Lung reductions are also performed, removing damaged lung tissue. Finally, lung transplants may be required in more severe cases.