Dementia and Alzheimer’s are complex conditions. Current approaches aim to help patients maintain mental function and behavioral symptoms to slow down disease progression. There are several prescription drugs used by the U.S. to treat people who have been diagnosed with dementia and Alzheimer’s. Most medications work best when the disease is diagnosed in the early or middle stages.
Medications called cholinesterase inhibitors, such as Razadyne, Exelon, and Aricept, are prescribed for mild to moderate Alzheimer’s disease. They may reduce some unpleasant symptoms and control behavioral issues.
For more advanced cases, an N-methyl D-aspartate (NMDA) antagonist called Namenda, is prescribed. This serves to decrease symptoms, which has the possibility of helping patients maintain certain daily operations.